Is Robotic Knee Surgery Better Than Manual?Know with the Dr. Amit Kumar Agarwal

Advancements in medical technology have revolutionized the field of surgery, and knee surgery is no exception. Traditional manual knee surgeries have been in practice for decades, but in recent years, robotic-assisted knee surgeries have gained popularity. These innovations have sparked a debate among patients and healthcare professionals alike. Is robotic knee surgery better than manual procedures? To answer this question, we turned to Dr. Prof Amit Kumar Agarwal, an experienced orthopedic surgeon in Delhi, for insights into this rapidly evolving field.

Understanding Robotic Knee Surgery

Robotic knee surgery, also known as robotic-assisted knee arthroplasty or MAKOplasty®, is a cutting-edge approach that combines the skills of a surgeon with the precision and flexibility of a robotic system. It involves three key components:

  1. Preoperative Planning: Before the surgery, a 3D model of the patient’s knee is generated from scans, which allows for precise planning. The surgeon can identify damaged areas and plan the procedure with a high degree of accuracy.
  2. Intraoperative Assistance: During the surgery, the robot assists the surgeon by providing real-time data on the patient’s anatomy. The robotic system helps guide the surgical tools with sub-millimeter precision.
  3. Postoperative Assessment: After the surgery, the system provides feedback on the implant’s placement, aiding in the overall success of the procedure.

Robotic Knee Surgery vs. Manual Knee Surgery

Robotic Knee Surgery vs. Manual Knee Surgery To shed light on the debate surrounding these two approaches, we sat down with Dr. Prof Amit Kumar Agarwal in Delhi, an orthopedic surgeon with extensive experience in both manual and robotic knee surgeries.

  1. Precision and Accuracy

Dr. Prof Amit Kumar Agarwal emphasized that robotic knee surgery offers superior precision and accuracy. The 3D modeling and real-time feedback help ensure that the knee implant is placed with incredible accuracy, reducing the risk of complications. Manual surgery, while effective, may not achieve the same level of precision.

  1. Personalized Treatment

Each patient’s anatomy is unique, and robotic surgery allows for a highly personalized approach. Dr. Agarwal pointed out that the preoperative planning phase enables surgeons to tailor the procedure to the patient’s specific needs, leading to better outcomes. Manual surgery, in contrast, relies on the surgeon’s expertise alone, which can be less tailored to the individual.

  1. Faster Recovery

Robotic knee surgery is associated with shorter hospital stays and faster recovery times. Dr. Agarwal explained that the minimally invasive nature of robotic-assisted surgery leads to less tissue damage, reduced pain, and quicker rehabilitation. Patients may return to their normal activities sooner than with manual surgery.

  1. Reduced Complications

Reduced complications are another significant advantage of robotic knee surgery. Dr. Agarwal emphasized that the precise placement of the implant can lead to a lower risk of issues like instability, misalignment, and premature wear. While manual surgery can also be successful, the risk of complications may be slightly higher.

  1. Learning Curve

One concern often raised about robotic surgery is the learning curve for surgeons. Dr. Agarwal acknowledged that acquiring proficiency in robotic-assisted surgery can take time. However, as the technology becomes more widespread, many surgeons are gaining experience and expertise in its use.


In the debate over whether robotic knee surgery is better than manual procedures, it’s clear that robotic-assisted surgery offers several advantages. Dr. Prof Amit Kumar Agarwal‘s insights highlight the benefits of precision, personalized treatment, faster recovery, and reduced complications. However, it’s essential to remember that manual knee surgery, performed by skilled surgeons, can still provide excellent results.

The choice between the two approaches ultimately depends on various factors, including the patient’s specific condition, the surgeon’s experience, and the availability of robotic technology. In any case, it’s crucial for patients to have open discussions with their healthcare providers to determine the best approach for their individual needs. As technology continues to advance, the field of orthopedic surgery will likely see further improvements in both manual and robotic procedures, providing patients with more options and higher chances of successful outcomes.

In conclusion, while the debate may persist, it is evident that both manual and robotic knee surgery have their merits, and the right choice depends on the individual patient’s circumstances and the surgeon’s expertise.

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